Inflation rate 1.6% for second month amid higher energy prices, lower food costs
A man prepares to fill his car's gas tank in Toronto. (Michelle Siu / THE CANADIAN PRESS)
Andy Blatchford, The Canadian Press
Published Friday, May 19, 2017 7:17AM CST
Last Updated Friday, May 19, 2017 9:01AM CST
OTTAWA -- The country's annual inflation rate once again rang in at 1.6 per cent last month as higher energy costs offset a seventh consecutive decline in grocery store prices, Statistics Canada said Friday.
The agency's consumer price index for April identified higher prices for gasoline and natural gas as the biggest upward drivers in year-over-year inflation.
On the other hand, fresh produce and clothing applied the most downward pressure on the inflation rate.
Heading into next week's interest rate announcement, experts like BMO chief economist Doug Porter expect the Bank of Canada to emphasize the softening underlying inflation indicators, which strip out some of the more volatile components.
"The modest core inflation we're seeing is probably the single, strongest argument the Bank of Canada has to do nothing," Porter said, adding that ongoing uncertainty over U.S. policy, particularly on trade, would be up there as well.
"There's just no rush, no urgency at all for the Bank of Canada to move on rates."
Porter said on the one side, there are all kinds of indicators -- like hot housing markets, robust consumer spending, the low unemployment rate and strong growth to start the year -- telling the central bank to hike its very low, interest rate policy.
But at the same time, he noted Friday's numbers revealed that the average of the three core inflation measures has slid to about 1.4 per cent from 1.6 per cent since the beginning of 2017. It's slipping further away from the bank's ideal target of two per cent, he added.
"While the economy is showing a strong momentum, the inflation remains particularly disappointing," National Bank senior economist Matthieu Arseneau wrote in a research note to clients, which also pointed out that there's usually a three-to-five-quarter lag for underlying inflation to respond to economic conditions.
"For this reason, we continue to expect core (inflation) to speed up in 2017 in line with the recent economic momentum."
Two of the agency's three measures of core or underlying inflation slowed last month, while the third was unchanged. The indicators are closely scrutinized by the Bank of Canada. CPI-common stayed at 1.3 per cent last month, CPI-median decelerated to 1.6 per cent from 1.7 per cent and CPI-trim slowed to 1.3 per cent from 1.4 per cent.
The annual headline inflation rate matched Statistics Canada's 1.6 per cent reading for March, but was slightly below a consensus estimate of 1.7 per cent, according to Thomson Reuters data.
Prices at the pump were 15.9 per cent higher last month and the cost of natural gas rose 15.2 per cent more, Statistics Canada said.
Overall food prices were down 1.1 per cent as prices for fresh fruit fell 6.2 per cent, fresh vegetables slipped 5.9 per cent and meat dropped 2.1 per cent.
The cost of kids' clothing was 6.2 per cent lower and women's clothes cost 2.8 per cent less in April compared with a year earlier.
Statistics Canada said the inflation rate was higher in three provinces, including Saskatchewan, which easily saw the biggest acceleration after it raised its provincial sales tax in late March. Saskatchewan's annual inflation rate sped up to 1.4 per cent last month after rising just 0.6 per cent in March.
Prices rose at a slower pace year-over-year in five provinces, while they were unchanged in two provinces.
The agency also released its latest retail trade numbers, which showed total sales in March delivered a larger than expected rebound, rising 0.7 per cent. The data followed a month-over-month February contraction of 0.4 per cent.
Total retail trade in March was nearly $48.3 billion thanks to stronger sales at motor vehicle and parts dealers, which was mostly due to an increase in new car purchases.
Economists had predicted a 0.4 per cent increase in retail trade for March, according to Thomson Reuters.
INFLATION BY CITY
-- St. John's, N.L.: 3.5 per cent (4.0)
-- Charlottetown-Summerside: 1.5 (1.5)
-- Halifax: 0.8 (1.3)
-- Saint John, N.B.: 2.7 (2.8)
-- Quebec: 0.8 (1.0)
-- Montreal: 1.0 (1.0)
-- Ottawa: 1.6 (1.6)
-- Toronto: 2.2 (2.1)
-- Thunder Bay, Ont.: 1.5 (1.5)
-- Winnipeg: 1.8 (1.6)
-- Regina: 1.4 (0.6)
-- Saskatoon: 1.6 (0.6)
-- Edmonton: 1.7 (1.5)
-- Calgary: 1.8 (1.3)
-- Vancouver: 1.9 (1.7)
-- Victoria: 2.3 (2.2)